Bio 2 questions from the review game

Animal tissue that has projections to transmit electrical signals

At which level of biological organization can the nitrogen cycle be observed?

Bees in a hive are examples of what level of biological organization?

Individual living thing

Name one advantage of multicellularity.

Name one problem of multicellularity.

Novel characteristics that appear at each level of biological organization as a result of interactions among components at the lower levels

Plant tissue responsible for conduction of water, food, and dissolved minerals

Plant tissue responsible for rapid cell division and lengthening of roots and shoots

Smallest functional unit of life

The ______ series refers to an order of green algae which models Haeckel’s theory on the evolution of multicellularity.

Type of connective tissue that forms the flexible parts of the skeleton

Type of epithelial tissue found in the alveoli

Type of epithelial tissue found in the upper respiratory tract

Type of muscle tissue found in the digestive tract and blood vessels

What is the currently accepted theory for the evolution of multicellularity proposed by Haeckel in 1874?

What sets the maximum limit to the size of a cell?

When a colony such as Pandorina dies when disrupted, it shows that the cells have developed ______.

A plant cell placed in a hypertonic solution will ______.

As an animal grows bigger, its relative metabolic rate (per gram of animal) ______.

Carnivorous plants have digestive systems as an adaptation to soil that is poor in ______.

Cell organelle containing enzymes for digestion

Example of an enzyme that digests carbohydrates

Example of an enzyme that digests proteins

Fingerlike projections of the villi in the small intestines

Give an example of an organism that makes use of only extracellular digestion.

Give an example of an organism with an incomplete digestive system.

Hormone that stimulates the production of gastric juice

Main function of the large intestine

Name of the model that describes the cell membrane

Negative pressure exerted by the evaporation of water from the leaves of plants

Organ that produces bile

Part of the digestive tract that is much enlarged in ruminant herbivores like deer and cows but absent in insectivores like moles

Type of circulatory system with hemolymph and sinuses

Vascular tissue that forms part of the bark of trees

Waxy layer that prevents entry of water into the root xylem

What type of cellular transport requires ATP?

Air left in alveoli after forced exhalation

Another name for red blood cells

At which end of the capillary is osmotic pressure > blood pressure?

Blood vessels with the highest total cross-sectional area

Caused by pressure waves when blood moves into the aorta

Chamber of the human heart that receives oxygen rich blood

Contraction of the heart muscles

Event that happens when rib muscles and the diaphragm relax

Example of an organism with single-circulation

Fetal organ of gas exchange

For a person with a blood pressure of 90/60, 90 refers to the pressure when  ______.

Gas to which the breathing control centers of the brain are most sensitive

Give one function of the lymphatic system

Give one mechanism that allows aquatic animals to solve the problem of low O2 concentrations in the water.

Give one product of cellular respiration

Give one product of photosynthesis

Give the main reactant of the Calvin cycle.

Holes at the sides of an insect’s abdomen that allow respiratory gases to enter

In which pipe will water flow faster: Pipe A with a radius of 5 cm or Pipe B with a radius of 500mm?

Main breathing control center

Main disadvantage of three-chambered hearts like those found in amphibians

Organ that is much enlarged in deep-diving mammals, helping them store more RBCs

Pacemaker of the heart

Part of the heart’s electrical system that sends signals to the left ventricle

Prevents backflow of blood into the left ventricle

Prevents backflow of blood into the right atrium

Protein that forms the fabric of a blood clot

Respiratory pigment found in muscles

Ridge of muscle that separates the right ventricle from the left

Ringlike muscles that regulate the entry of blood into capillary beds

The majority of CO2 is transported as ______.

The P wave on an ECG indicates______.

Total volume pumped by the left ventricle

Tube-like structures in bird lungs that allow continuous flow of air

Type of plant whose stomates are open at night

Type of ventilation found in reptiles

Vessel that brings oxygen-poor blood from the liver to the heart

Vessels that supply blood to the cardiac muscle

What happens to the affinity of hemoglobin to O2 when blood pH drops?

What sole enzyme catalyzes carbon fixation in C3 plants?

Where do the light reactions occur?

Where does glycolysis occur in the cell?

Which by-product of fermentation causes pain in muscles?

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