Guide Questions for the First Long Exam (Bio1)

Using your notes and the presentations and other materials given in class, attempt to answer these questions in your mind. You may also write down your answers to these questions on scratch paper or in your notebooks. These will serve as your guide for the Periodic Exam.

The Prokaryotes

  • Compare and contrast prokaryotes with eukaryotes.
  • Enumerate the different organelles found in a prokaryotic cell and give their function/significance.
  • Differentiate between Domain Bacteria and Domain Archaea and give examples of each.
  • Differentiate prokaryotes according to:
    • Cell shape
    • Cell arrangement
    • Gram staining
    • Movement
    • How they obtain energy
    • How they use energy
    • Modes of bacterial growth/reproduction
    • Means of genetic recombination
    • Explain the importance/significance of prokaryotes.

Introduction to Eukaryotes

  • What does the endosymbiotic theory explain?
  • Enumerate three pieces of evidence that support the endosymbiotic theory.
  • How are protists classified? Why is this considered as artificial classification?

Plantlike Protists

  • Enumerate types of chlorophyll and accessory pigments and explain why plantlike protists need to have a variety of these pigments.
  • Differentiate among the four plantlike protist phyla in terms of:
    • Important characteristics
    • Special structures
    • Habitat
    • Nutrition
    • Reproduction
    • Ecology
    • Give an example of a plantlike protist belonging to each phylum.

Multicellular Algae

  • Enumerate the characteristics of multicellular algae.
  • How are multicellular algae classified?
  • Differentiate among the three divisions of multicellular algae according to:
    • Important characteristics
    • Special structures
    • Habitat
    • Food reserve
    • Reproduction
    • Ecology
    • What is meant by the term “alternation of generations?”
    • Distinguish between the following terms:
      • Haploid and diploid
      • Asexual and sexual modes of reproduction
      • Spores and gametes
      • Mitosis and meiosis
      • Isogamy and syngamy
    • Describe how  Chlamydomonas reproduces.